Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry which deals with devices called Dental Braces to treat misalignment problems of the teeth. Misalignment problems are like crooked teeth, crowded teeth, protruding teeth, gaps between teeth, overbites, under bites etc. Application of these orthodontic devices will move the teeth to their correct positions. Every dentist won't be able to provide orthodontic treatment, it needs orthodontic specialist who is specially trained in providing this treatment.
The dental braces have different components like brackets, metal wires and bands which helps to straighten your teeth. The brackets are attached to the teeth with special gums. Metal wires are inserted through these brackets. For tightening the braces, bands will be given. So this will gradually move the teeth into the proper positions.
The best time for braces treatment will be the age between 10 to 14. At this time the head and mouth will be still in the growing stage and teeth are more accessible to straightening. Also this will beautify your smile before you get into your teenage. Braces treatment can be done in adult stage also.
There are different types of dental braces which differs in their comfortability, shape, size, color, material used etc. They are,
- Metal Braces : Normal or Self Ligating
- Ceramic Braces : Normal or Self Ligating
- Lingual Braces or Incognito Braces
- Gold Braces
- Clear Braces or Invisible Braces
Metal braces are fixed, regular and traditional braces. These are more commonly used braces which are less cost compared with other braces. This uses brackets, bands, metal wires for straightening your teeth.
Ceramic Braces are less visible than metal braces. These are tooth colored braces mostly used by adults. Because of its less visibility, it won't be noticeable unless we go close to the person. It is made with strong and durable material which will not get stained with normal drinks or food items.
You can have yet another alternative for ceramic and metal braces called Self Ligating Braces. These types are entirely different from ordinary braces. This braces becomes special because it doesn't need bands like other normal braces. So this avoids to many appointments.
Lingual braces are cemented onto the back side of the teeth making it invisible to other peoples. It is used for aesthetic reasons, those who do not wish to show braces can have this type of braces. Lingual braces can be used in lower and upper teeth. Lingual braces corrects bad bite, gaps in teeth, crowded teeth, and rotated teeth. These braces are suitable only for adults and teens those who can have normal braces. It will not work for those who have very small teeth and for children.
Gold Braces are normally prefered by people for having a special appearance. It will help them to look fabulous even during the braces treatment. Gold braces are so soft, because of this it is more comfortable than metal braces but it needs frequent adjustments for making them into track. Gold Braces are also prefered by doctors for those who are allergic to nickel or metal.
You can have a smile which you dreamed of without any difficulties. Invisible braces are one of the newest orthodontic devices to straighten your teeth. It has several advantages over other braces.
Clear: These braces are clear or invisible in nature, so hardly will anyone see that you are using braces.
Comfortable: It is very comfortable because there are no brackets or metal wires that could irritate your gum and cheeks.
Effective: The treatment procedure is very slow, so right after the procedure you can enjoy your desired smile.
Removable: These are removable braces allowing you to have food easily and to maintain good oral hygiene.
Customised: The braces are custom made. Initially itself the doctor will take impressions of your teeth for making the customised braces.
The only disadvantage is that, Invisible braces treatment is costlier than any other orthodontic treatment.