Dental braces are the solution for different types problem such as overbite, crowded teeth, gapped teeth, open bite etc. Also used as a remedy for jaw problems. The above dental problems are making it difficult with eating, proper speaking or keeping your teeth clean. Today metal braces becoming smaller and more comfortable. The traditional braces or the metal braces consist of metal brackets and arch wires. They need periodic tightening and the pressure straightens the teeth gradually. Silver metal braces are most commonly used in orthodontic treatment. Elastic ties are also used to hold the brackets and the arch wires together. Traditional braces have excellent control over the teeth.
Traditional braces are made of high quality stainless steel or titanium. The major three parts of metal braces are :
Brackets : They are attached to the teeth using a special type of glue and that holding brackets in place.
Arch wires : Help to move the teeth by applying force. It is a thin metal wire that connects the brackets.
Ligature : It is the elastic tie or rubber band that holds the metal brackets and arch wire together.
Metal braces are removed only after the completion of treatment. Once the brackets are applied on the teeth, they constantly make pressure on the teeth and forces to move them into proper positions. Also need the periodic tightening of the arch wire. It is necessary to care the braces throughout the orthodontic treatment.
Advantages of Metal Braces
- It takes only less treatment time than other braces.
- You can use darker ligature, which cannot show curry, smoking, or black coffee stains. Self ligating metal braces have no ligature. So it does not make stain.
- Metal braces are very strong.
Disadvantages of metal braces
- They are more visible.
- They make discomfort to cheeks and lips at first.
- When you have a canker sore, they irritate your gums more than ceramic brackets.
Dentist checks overall dental hygiene. Takes plaster model of teeth that help to plan the treatment. The brackets are attached to the front side of premolar and the front teeth with bonding glue. Encircle the molar with ring like band. Then the arch wire is attached to all the brackets and connect them. The arch wire controls the movement of the teeth. In some cases ligature or rubber bands are attached to brackets and wires.
Working of Metal Braces
Teeth start to move when the arch wire puts pressure on the brackets and teeth. Elastic band or ligature help to apply more pressure to specific direction. Braces apply constant pressure for to move teeth into desired position. When the teeth start to move, then the patients can feel loosens of teeth. Bone is then remodeled to support the teeth in the new position. Can apply pressure to individual teeth by customizing the arrangement of arch wire.
The time required for the metal braces treatment varies from person to person. That depends different factors such as severity of the problem, the distance the tooth must travel, health of gums, teeth, and supporting bones etc. Once the braces are worn it will last for 2 years. After the completion of the treatment patient needed to wear retainers. It is for to prevent the relapse of teeth and to hold them in new positions.
Oral hygiene is very important with having braces. Because food and plaque can get trapped in between braces and wires. That lead to dental decay and enamel stains. Food can react with metal braces and produce a bleaching effect which cause spotting on the teeth. Brush your teeth after every meal. And floss twice in a week. It is best to clean your retainer as often as you brush your teeth. Because of a chance to build up plaque and stain on it. Place retainer in a cup of water when it take out for cleaning.
You will be wearing your braces for a fairly lengthy period, so it is important to follow your orthodontist's instructions and care for them properly. While braces may seem like an inconvenience, once the treatment is over, your new smile will be all the reward you need.
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