Orthodontics or orthodontia is a branch of dental science that deals with correction of teeth and jaw that are aligned improperly. Because of crooked or crowded teeth, it is hard to clean the teeth. So the accumulation of food or plaque on the teeth leads to tooth decay. And also the misalignment of teeth affects the appearance.
Orthodontic treatment helps to solve these problems. Orthodontic treatment needed when you have any of the following:
- Overbite : It is the condition where the upper front teeth stick out over the lower front teeth.
- Underbite : when the lower teeth are sticking out from upper teeth called under bite.
- Crossbite : Upper teeth do not come down in front of the lower teeth when biting normally.
- Openbite : Occur space between biting surface of front teeth when back teeth are biting together.
- Gapped teeth
- Crowding : Teeth that are twisted or displaced.
Different methods are used in orthodontics for to move the teeth. The device that is used to move teeth are fixed device or removable device. These device are working by applying pressure on the teeth. The fixed devices include braces, special fixed appliances, fixed space maintainers.
They are the commonly using fixed devices. Braces consist of arch wires, brackets and ligatures. The brackets are attached to the teeth by using special bonding glue. Arch wire is connected to these brackets and the ligatures are used to hold the brackets and wire together. All of these components apply pressure on teeth to move them into new position.
Special Fixed Appliances
These devices are attached to the teeth by using bands. They are used to control the thumb sucking and tongue thrusting.
Fixed Space MaintainersThis is used in children after the removal of milk teeth, for to keep the space until the occurrence of permanent teeth.
Removable devices include aligner, removable space maintainers, jaw repositioning appliances, lip and cheek bumpers, palatal expander, removable retainers, headgear.
Aligners are alternative to the traditional braces. They give the same effect of the traditional braces. Aligners are almost invisible and they do not contain brackets and wires. Aligners are easy to remove while eat and drink. Also they are easy to clean. But aligner cannot use foe certain types of teeth movements.
Removable Space Maintainers
They have the same function of fixed space maintainers. They are made of acrylic base. And have metal or plastic wire between teeth to maintain the space between them.
Jaw Repositioning Appliances
They are used in top or lower jaw for to close in a favourable position.
Lip and Cheek Bumpers
These devices are used to keep the lip and cheek away from the teeth. That is to prevent the force exerted by cheek and lip on the teeth.
It is used for to widen the arch of upper jaw. Plastic palatal expander placed at the roof of the mouth.
The retainers are used after the completion of the braces treatment. That helps to prevent the relapse of the teeth and hold them in new positions. It can also used to prevent the thumb sucking.
Headgear slower the growth of the upper jaw.
Orthodontics design and fabricate devices to realign teeth and jaws to produce and maintain normal function and to improve appearance.
Smile Architect Centre for Dental and Invisible Braces imparts Orthodontic Treatments with assurance of maximum results in Bangalore.
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